Sources, citing and referencing at Biology Department, Lund University: how exactly to compose references that are correct

Just how to compose references that are correct

How exactly to compose proper sources according to your design utilized during the Department of Biology, Lund University.

The style utilized at the Department of Biology, Lund University is just a traditional harvard design. There are numerous good referencing guides for Harvard designs they do differ in details since it is one of the most used, and some are given in the section on recommended books, websites etc. However although all are Harvard styles.

NB! Sometimes the book you’ve got used will not include all the details had a need to compose a reference that is correct. This really is especially common for internet sites, but often reports and other publications miss some information, and it’s also my impression it gets to be more and much more typical. In those instances compose the reference nearly as good as you are able to utilizing the information you’ve got.

Sources to any or all different varieties of scholarly articles, for example. research (main) articles, review articles, meta-analyses etc.


Arendt, J.D. 1997. Adaptive intrinsic growth prices: an integration across taxa. Q. Rev. Biol. 72: 149-177.

Cronin, P., Ryan, F. and Coughlan, M. 2008. Undertaking a literary works review: a step by step approach. Br. J. Nurs. 17: 38-43.

Truant, R., Fridell, R.A., Benson, E.R., Herold, A. and Cullen, B.R. 1998. Nucleocytoplasmic shuttling by protein import that is nuclear. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 77: 269-275.

Weetman, D. and Atkinson, D. 2004. Evaluation of alternate hypotheses to spell out life that is temperature-induced shifts in Daphnia. J. Plant Res. 26: 107-116.

i.e. Final name(s), initial(s) regarding the author(s) NB! within the exact same purchase as in the article. Year Publication. Article title. Journal title (abbreviated) Volume: pages.

Some (frequently current) articles might not include all of the “conventional” information required for composing a proper reference. For sources to articles that are such examples below:

Oxtoby, L. E., Mathis, J. T., Juranek, L. W. and Wooller, M. J. 2015. Calculating carbon that is stable values of microphytobenthos within the Arctic for application to meals internet studies. Polar Biol. DOI 10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2.

for example. Final name(s), initial(s) for the author(s). Of publication year. Article name. Journal name. DOI quantity. DOI is short for Digital Object Identifier and it is a distinctive ID when it comes to document that is electronic. Ultimately DOI will likely be information that is standard to the guide.

Carpalia, C.A., Dopko, R., L. & Zelenski, J.M. 2014. The partnership between nature happiness and connectedness: a meta-analysis. Front. Psychol. 5: article 976.

in other words Last name(s), initial(s) associated with author(s). Of publication year. Article name. Journal name. Article quantity